Publications

This list of publications includes primary texts and critical material that is relevant to the study of Dalit literature. One of the aims of this network is to make the study of Dalit writing more widely known and accessible internationally and we therefore focus on listing primary texts in translation. This page also includes a list of films that predominantly engage with caste. If you would like to suggest a text for inclusion in this bibliography, please contact us.

Primary Sources

(The first date given is the date for the publication in Indian vernacular languages, the second for the translations.)

Anthologies

Anand, Mulk Raj and Eleanor Zelliot (eds), An Anthology of Dalit Literature: Poems. New Delhi: Gyan, 1992.

Basu, Tapan, A. Mangai and Indranil Acharya (eds), Listen to the Flames. New Delhi: OUP, 2016.

Dangle, Arjun (ed.), A Corpse in the Well: Translations from Modern Marathi Dalit Autobiographies. Hyderabad: Disha Books, 1994.

Dangle, Arjun (ed.), Poisoned Bread. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan, 2009.

Dasan, Pratbha, Chandrika (et al.), The Oxford India Anthology of Malayalam Dalit Writing. Oxford University Press: 2011.

Devy, G. N. (ed.), Painted Words: An Anthology of Tribal Literature. New Delhi: Penguin, 2002.

Purushottam K., Gita Ramaswamy  and Gogu Syamala (eds), The Oxford India Anthology of Telugu Dalit Writing. Oxford University Press: 2016.

Ravikumar and Azhagarasan (eds), The Oxford India Anthology of Tamil Dalit Writing. Oxford University Press: 2012.

Satyanarayana, K. and Susie Tharu (eds), No Alphabet in Sight: New Dalit Writing from South India. Dossier 1: Tamil and Malayalam. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2011.

Satyanarayana, K. and Susie Tharu (eds), Steel Nibs Are Sprouting: New Dalit Writing from South India. Dossier 2: Telugu and Kannada. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2013.

Autobiographies, Novels and Graphic Novels, Poems, Plays, Short Stories

Anand, Mulk Raj. Untouchable. 1935. New Delhi: Penguin Books India, 2001.

Bama. Kurukku. 1992. Trans. from the Tamil by Lakshmi Holmström. Chennai: Macmillan, India, 2000.

Bama. Sangati: Events. 1994. Trans. from the Tamil by Lakshmi Holmström. 2005. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Bama, Sangati (L’Assemblée). 1994. Trans. from the Tamil Josiane Racine. Paris : Editions de l’Aube, 2002.

Bama. Vanmam: Vendetta. 2002. Trans. from the Tamil Malini Seshadri. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Bama. Harum-Scarum Saar and Other Stories. Trans. from the Tamil N. Ravi Shankar. New Delhi: Women Unlimited, 2006.

Bhagat, Datta. Routes and Escape Routes. 1987.

Biswas, Manohar Mouli. Surviving in My World: Growing Up Dalit in Bengal. Translated from Bengali and edited by Jaideep Sarangi and Angana Dutta. Kolkata: Samya, 2015.

Burke, Rupalee and Darshna Trivedi (eds). Tongues of Fire : Gujarati Dalit Short Stories. Ahmedabad: Gujarati Dalit Sahitya Academy, 2000.

Burke, Rupalee and DarshnaTrivedi (eds). The Silver Lining: Gujarati Dalit Poetry. Ahmedabad:Gujarati Dalit Sahitya Academy, 2000.

Chinnaswamy, Mudnakudu. Before It Rains Again. Transl. from Kannada by Rowenna Hill. Liverpool: Erbacce Press, 2016.

Dangle, Arjun. No Entry for the New Sun: Translations from Modern Marathi Dalit Poetry. Hyderabad: Sangam Books, 1992.

Cho. Dharman. Koogai. Transl. from Tamil by Vasantha Surya. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Dhasal, Namdeo. Namdeo Dhasal: Poet of the Underworld Poems 1972–2006. Selection, introduction and transl. from Marathi by Dilip Chitre. Delhi: Navayana, 2007.

Gadhvi, Praveen. The City of Dust and Lust. Transl. from Gujarati by Praveen Gadhvi. Delhi: B.S. Publishers, 2010.

Gaikwad, Laxman. The Branded: Uchalya. 1987. 1998. Transl. from Marathi P.A Kolharkar. Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 2009.

Halder, Baby. A Life Less Ordinary. Trans. from the Bengali by Urvashi Butalia. Delhi: Zubaan/Penguin Books, 2006.

Halder, Baby. Une Vie moins ordinaire. Trans. from the English by Nathalie Bourgeau. Arles: Editions Philippe Picquier, 2007.  Paris: Poche, 2009.

Hazari. 1951. Untouchable. The Autobiography of an Indian Outcaste. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1969.

Ilaiah, Kancha. Turning the Pot, Tilling the Land: Dignity of Labour in Our Times. New Delhi: Navayana, 2009.

Imayam. Arumugam. Transl. from Tamil D Krishna Ayyar. New Delhi: Katha, 2006.

Imayam. 2012. Pathavan: The Begetter. Transl. from Tamil Gita Subramanian. New Delhi: OUP, 2015.

Jadhav, Narendra. 1997. Untouchables: My Family’s Triumphant Journey Out of the Caste System in Modern India. New York: Scribner, 2005.

Joshua,Gurram. Gabbilam (Bat).1941. Transl.from Telugu K Madava  Rao. Hyderabad:Joshua  Foundation,1998.

Kale, Kishore Shantabai. Against All Odds. Transl. from Marathi by Sandhya Pandey. New Delhi: Penguin, 2000.

Kalyan Rao,G.Untouchable Spring.2000.Transl.from Telugu.Alladi Uma and M Sridhar.New Delhi: Orient Blackswan, 2010.

Kamble, Baby. 1986. The Prisons we Broke. Transl. from Marathi by Maya Pandit. Delhi: Orient Blackswan, 2011.

Kamble, Shantabai, Baby Kamble. 1991. Parole de Femme Intouchable. Trans. from Marathi by Guy de Poitevin. Paris: Editions Indigo et Côté-femmes, 2007.

Kesharshivam, B. 2002, The Whole Truth and Nothing but the Truth: a Dalit’s Life. Trans. from Gujarati by Gita Chaudhuri. Kolkata: Samya, 2008.

Kondvilker, Madhau. Inde: Le Journal d’un Intouchable (1969−1977) trans. from Marathi by Guy Poitevin. Paris: L’Harmattan, 1985.

Limbale, Sharankumar. 1984. The Outcaste: Akkarmashi. Trans. from Marathi by Santosh Bhoomkar. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Limbale, Sharankumar. Hindu: A Novel. Translated from Marathi by Arun Prabha Mukherjee. Kolkata: Samya, 2010.

Macwan, Joseph. The Stepchild: Angaliyat. 1987. Transl. from Gujarati by Rita Kothari. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Mane, Laxman. Oupra: L’Inde des Intouchables et des Maudits. Transl. from Marathi by A. K. Kamat. Paris: Maren Sell and Cie, 1987.

Mane, Laxman. 1980. Upara: An Outsider. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1997.

Mangalam, Harish and Gaijan, M.B. (eds). Pristine Land : Gujarati Dalit Literature. Delhi: Yash Publications, 2012.

Mangalam, Harish. Light of Darkness: Gujarati Short Stories. Trans. from Gujarati by Rupalee Burke. Delhi: Yash Publications, 2012.

Mangalam Harish. Aus dem Zwielicht: Vierzehn Einblicke in das Leben von Unberuehrbaren. Ed. by Stephanie Kreiner. Wien: Erhard Loecker, 2015.

Mistry, Rohinton. A Fine Balance. 1995. Toronto: McLelland and Stewart, 1997.

Moon, Vasant. Growing up an Untouchable in India: a Dalit Autobiography. Trans. from the Marathi by Gail Omvedt. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001.

Natarajan, Srividya, S. Anand, Durgabai Vyam and Subhash Vyam, Bhimayana: Experiences of Untouchability. Incidents in the Life of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. Delhi: Navayana, 2011.

Natarajan, Srividya, S. Anand, Durgabai Vyam and Subhash Vyam, Bhimayana: Histoire de vie de Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. Transl. from English by Laurence Vilaine. Paris: Editions MeMo, 2012.

Natarajan, Srividya, A Gardener in the Wasteland: Jotiba Phule’s Fight for Liberty. Art by Aparajita Ninan. New Delhi: Navayana, 2011.

Navaria, Ajay, Unclaimed Terrain. Transl. from Hindi by Laura Bruek. Delhi: Navayana, 2013.

Pawar, Daya, Ma vie d’intouchable. 1990. Transl. from Marathi by J. L. Proffit and Madhuri Purandare. Paris: La Découverte, 2007.

Pawar, Urmila. The Weave of my Life: a Dalit Woman’s Memoirs. 2008. Transl. from Marathi Maya Pandit. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.

Purushotham, K. (ed). Black Lilies: Telugu Dalit Poetry. New Delhi: Critical Quest, 2013.

Rajkumar, N. D., Give Us This Day a Feast of Flesh. Transl. from Tamil by Anushiya Ramaswamy. New Delhi: Navayana, 2010.

Roy, Arundhati, The God of Small of Things. New Delhi: IndiaInk, 1997.

Sivakami, P., The Grip of Change: and Author’s Notes. 1989. Transl. from Tamil by P. Sivakami. Chennai: Orient Longman, 2006.

Tilak, Lakshmibai, I Follow After: An Autobiography. Transl. from Marathi by E. Josephine Inkster. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Valmiki, Omprakash, 1997. Joothan: a Dalit’s Life. 2003. Transl. from Hindi by Arun Prabha Mukherjee. Kolkata: Samya, 2007.

Valmiki, Omprakash, Amma and Other Stories. Transl. from Hindi by Naresh K. Jain. New Delhi: Manohar, 2008.

Viramma, Life of an Untouchable. Transl. from French by Josiane and Jean-Luc Racine. New York: Verso, 1998.

Viramma, Life of a Dalit. Transl. from French by Josiane and Jean-Luc Racine. Hyderabad: Orient BlackSwan, 2005.

Viramma, Une Vie paria : le rire des asservis. Trans. from the Tamil by Josiane and Jean-Luc Racine. Paris: Omnibus, 1995.

Secondary sources

Books

Abraham, Joshil K. and Judith Misrahi-Barak (eds.), Dalit Literatures in India. New Delhi & London: Routledge, 2016.

Ambedkar Age Collective, Hatred in the Belly. Hyderabad: The Shared Mirror, 2015.

Amin, Shahid and Dipesh Chakrabarty (eds.), Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian History and Society. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Anand, S. (ed.), Touchable Tales: Publishing and Reading Dalit Literature. Chennai: Navayana, 2007.

Arnold, David and Stuart Blackburn (eds.), Telling Lives in India, Biography, Autobiography and Life history. Bloomington: Indiana University Press and Permanent Black, 2004.

Aryama, Sukhadeo Thorat, Ambedkar in Retrospect: Essays on Economics, Politics and Society. New Delhi: Rawat Publications in Association with Indian Institute of Dalit Studies, 2007.

Ashcroft, Bill, Ranjani Mendes and Julie McGonegal (eds.), Literature for Our Times: Postcolonial Studies in the Twenty-First Centuy.  Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2012.

Aston, N.M. (ed.), Literature of Marginality: Dalit Literature and African American Literature. New Delhi: Prestige Books, 2001.

Baghel, Indu, Dalit Women’s Movement in Modern India. New Delhi: Jnanada Prakashan, 2009.

Banerjee-Dube, Ishita (ed.), Caste in History. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Bassnett, Susan and Harish Trivedi, Post Colonial Translation: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge, 1999.

Basu, Tapan (ed.) Translating Caste. Delhi: Katha, 2002.

Bharathi, Thummapudi, A History of Telugu Dalit Literature. Delhi: Kalpaz, 2008.

Brueck, L., Writing Resistance : The Rhethorical Imagination of Hindi Dalit Literature. Columbia University Press, 2014.

Carrin, M. and C. Jaffrelot (eds.), Tribus et basses castes: résistance et autonomie dans la société indienne. Paris: Purusartha, 2002.

Castaing, Anne, Lise Guilhamon and Laetitia Zecchini (eds.) La Modernité littéraire indienne: perspectives postcoloniales. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2009.

Chakravarti, Uma, Gendering Caste: Through a Feminist Lens. Calcutta: Stree, 2003.

Chalam, K.S., Modernization and Dalit Education: Ambedkar’s Vision. New Delhi: Rawat Publications, 2008.

Chaudhuri, Amit, Clearing a Space, Reflections on India, Literature and Culture. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2008.

Deliège, Robert, Les Castes en Inde aujourd’hui. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2004.

Deliège, Robert, Les Intouchables en Inde: des castes d’exclus. Paris: Imago, 1995.

Deliège, Robert, The World of the ‘Untouchables’: Paraiyars of Tamil Nadu. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Dirks, Nicholas B., Castes of Mind: Colonialism and the Making of Modern India. Princeton and New Delhi: Princeton University Press and Permanent Black, 2001.

Franco, Fernando, Jyotsina Macwan and Suguna Ramanathan, Journeys to Freedom: Dalit Narratives. Kolkata: Samya, 2004.

Gaijan, M.B. Dalit Literary Tradition in Gujarat : A Critical Study. Distributed by Harish Mangalam. Ahmedabad: Gujarati Dalit Academy.

 

Gajarawala, Toral Jatin, Untouchable Fictions: Literary Realism and the Crisis of Caste. New York: Fordham University Press, 2012.

Ganguly, Debjani, Caste, Colonialism and Counter-modernity, Notes on a Postcolonial Hermeneutics of Caste. New York and London: Routledge, 2005.

Ganguli, Debjani, Caste and Dalit Lifeworlds, Postcolonial Perspectives. Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 2005.

Geetha, V., and Rajdurai, S.V. Towards a Non-Brahmin Millennium: From Iyothee Thass to Periyar. Kolkata: Samya, 2001.

Ghurye, G.S.. Caste and Race in India. Mumbay: Popular Prakashan, 2008.

Gorringe, Hugo. Untouchable Citizens: Dalit Movement and Democratisation in Tamil Nadu. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2005.

Guha, Ranajit. Dominance without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Hardtmann, Eva-Mari. The Dalit Movement in India: Local Practices, Global Connections. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Heuzé, Gérard. Des Intouchables aux Dalit: les errements d’un mouvement d’émancipation dans l’Inde contemporaine. Pondicherry: Institut français de Pondichéry; La Courneuve, Aux lieux d’être éd., 2006.

Hunt, Sarah Beth. Hindi Dalit Literature and the Politics of Representation. New Delhi: Routledge, 2014.

Ilaiah, Kancha. God as Political Philosopher: Buddha’s Challenge to Brahminism. Kolkata: Samya, 2001.

Ilaiah, Kancha. Buffalo Nationalism: A Critique of Spiritual Fascism. Kolkata: Samya, 2007.

Ilaiah, Kancha. Why I Am Not A Hindu: A Sudra Critique of Hindutva Philosophy, Culture and Political Economy. Kolkata: Samya, 2009.

Ilaiah, Kancha. The Weapon of the Other: Dalitbahujan Writings and the Remaking of Nationalist Thought. New Delhi: Pearson, 2010.

Jadhav, P. B. Dalits and Human Rights: Emerging Scenario. Jaipur: Vital Publications, 2010.

Jaffrelot, Christophe. La Démocratie en Inde : Religion, caste et politique. Paris : Fayard, 1998.

Jaffrelot, Christophe. La Démocratie par la caste : Histoire d’une mutation socio-politique (1885-2005). Paris : Fayard, 2005.

Jaffrelot, Christophe, and Jules Naudet. Justifier l’ordre social : Classe, race, classe et genre. Paris : PUF, 2013.

Jaffrelot, Christophe. L’Inde contemporaine. Paris : Fayard, 2014.

Jogdand, P. G. (ed.), Dalit Women: Issues and Perspectives. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House with University of Poona, 1995.

Kothari, Rita, ‘Introduction’, Translating India. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India, 2006; 1-5.

Kumar, Raj. Dalit Personal Narratives: Reading Caste, Nation and Identity. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010.

Limbale, Sharamkumar, Towards an Aesthetic of Dalit Literature: History, Controversies and Considerations. Trans. from the Marathi by Alok Mukherjee. Delhi: Orient Longman, 2004.

Montaut, Annie, Littérature et poétiques pluriculturelles en Asie du Sud. Paris: Editions de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 2004.

Modi, S.K., Dalits: A Low Caste of Hinduism. New Delhi: Navyug, 2008.

Moon, Vasant (ed.), Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar: Writings and Speeches. Bombay: Education Department, Government of Maharashtra, 1989.

Mukherjee, Arun, Postcolonialism: My Living. Toronto: TSAR, 1998.

Nagaraj, D.R., The Flaming Feet and Other Essays: the Dalit movement in India. Ranikhet: Permanent Black, 2010.

Namishray, Mohan Dass, Caste and Race: Comparative Study of B.R. Ambedkar and Martin Luther King. Jaipur: Rawat, 2003.

Nayar, Pramod K. Human Rights and Literature: Writing Rights. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Narayan, Badri and A.R. Misra (eds.), Multiple Marginalities: An Anthology of Identified Dalit Writings. New Delhi: Manohar, 2004.

Nimavat, B. S. and Ami Upadhyay (eds). Dalit Literature in Gujarat: A Critical Study. Delhi: Yash Publisher, Delhi, 2012.

 

Nubile, Clara, The Danger of Gender: Caste, Class and Gender in Contemporary Indian Women’s Writing. New Delhi: Sarup and Sons 2003.

Omvedt, Gail, Dalits and the Democratic Revolution: Dr. Ambedkar and the Dalit Movement in Colonial India. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1994.

Omvedt, Gail, Buddhism in India: Challenging Brahmanism and Caste. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2003.

Omvedt, Gail, Dalit Visions. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2006.

Pandey, Gyanendra, Routine Violence: Nations, Fragments, Histories. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006.

Pandey, Gyanendra, A History of Prejudice: Race, Caste, and Difference in India and the United States. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Pandian, M. S. S., Brahmin and Non-Brahmin: Genealogies of the Tamil Political Present. Delhi and Ranikhet: Permanent Black, 2007.

Pandian, M. S. S., The Political Economy of Agrarian Change – Nanchilnadu (1880-1939). New Delhi, Sage Publications, 1990.

Pandian, M. S. S., The Image Trap: M. G. Ramachandran in Film and Politics, New Delhi, Sage Publications, 1992.

Panikkar, K. M., Caste and Democracy 1933. New Delhi: Critical Quest, 2004.

Phule, Jotirao, Slavery, in Selected Writings (ed.) GP Deshpande. New Delhi: LeftWord, 2002, pp. 23−100.

Poitevin, Guy, Sortir de la sujétion, Essais sur la désubordination des parias de l’Inde, femmes et intouchables. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2001.

Poitevin, Guy, The Voice and the Will, Subaltern Agency: Forms and Motives. Delhi: Manohar/CSH, 2002.

Purushotham, K. Interrogating the Canon: Literature and Pedagogy of Dalits. Delhi: Kalpaaz Publications, 2015.

Prasad, Amar Nath and M.B. Gaijan (eds.), Dalit Literature: A Critical Exploration. New Delhi: Sarup and Sons, 2010.

Prashad, Vijay, Untouchable Freedom: A Social History of a Dalit Community. New Delhi: Oxford India Paperbacks, 2001.

Ram, Fakir, Dalit Awakening Moving Upward. Delhi: Swastik, 2010.

Rancière, Jacques, Le Partage du sensible: Esthétique et politique. Paris: La Fabrique, 2000.

Rancière, Jacques, The Politics of Aesthetics: the Distribution of the Sensible. London: Continuum, 2004.

Rao, Anupama (ed.), Gender and Caste. New Delhi: Kali for Women, 2005.

Rao, Yagati Chinna, Dividing Dalits: Writing on Sub-Categorisation of Scheduled Castes. New Delhi: Rawat, 2009.

Ravidas, Ajay, Ambedkar and the Dalit Movement. Jaipur: ABD Publishers, 2010.

Ravikumar, Venomous Touch: Notes on Caste, Culture and Politics. Trans. By R. Azhagarasan. Kolkata: Samya, 2007.  

Rawat, Ramnarayana S. and K. Satyanarayana (eds), Dalit Studies. Durham: Duke University Press. www.oapen.org/download?type=document&docid=605855

Rege, Sharmila, Writing Caste/Writing Gender: Reading Dalit Women’s Testimonios. New Delhi: Zubaan, 2006.

Rodrigues, Valerian (ed.), The Essential Writings of B.R. Ambedkar. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Sadangi, H.C. (ed.), Emancipation of Dalits and the Freedom Struggle. Delhi: Isha Books, 2008.

Sen, Amartya Kumar, Inequality Revisited. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1992.

Sharma, Ghanshya, Social and Political Empowerment of Indian Dalits. New Delhi: Jnanada Prakashan, 2009.

Sharma, Pradeep K., Dalit Politics and Literature. Delhi: Shipra, 2006.

Shyamlal, Untouchable Castes in India: The Raigar Movement (1940−2004). Jaipur Delhi: Rawat Publications, 2010.

Teltumbde, Anand (ed.). Hindutva and Dalits: Perspectives for Understanding Communal Praxis. Kolkata: Samya, 2005.

Tharakam, Bojja (ed.). First All India Dalit Writers Conference: A Commemorative Volume. Hyderabad: Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Memorial Trust, 1994.

Tharu, Susie and Lalita, K. Women Writings in India: 600BC to the Early 20th Century. London: Harper and Collins, 1991.

Umakant, Shukareo Thorat. Caste, Race and Discrimination: Discourses in the International Context. Jaipur: Rawat Publications, 2009.

Viswanathan, Gauri, Outside The Fold: Conversion, Modernity, and Belief. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 19.8.

Wakankar, Milind. Subalternity and Religion: the Prehistory of Dalit Empowerment in South Asia. London and New York: Routledge, 2010.

Wasnik, Krupakar. Lost People: an Analysis of Indian Poverty. Delhi: Isha Books, 2009.

Webster,John C B. Dalit Christians: A History. New Delhi:ISPCK,1992.

Scholarly Journal Essays, Introductions and Book Chapters

Anand, S., ‘Sanskrit, English and Dalits’. Economic and Political Weekly 34.30, July 1999, pp. 2053−56.

Anand, S., ‘On Claiming Dalit Subjectivity’. Seminar 558, February 2006. http://www.india-seminar.com/2006/558/558 s. anand.htm.

Bahl, Vinay, ‘Relevance (or Irrelevance) of Subaltern Studies’. Economic and Political Weekly 32.23, June 1997, pp. 1333−44.

Bahl, Vinay, ‘What Went Wrong with “History from Below”?’ Economic and Political Weekly 38.2, January 2003, pp. 135−46.

Bama, ‘Dalit Literature’. Indian Literature 197, September−October 1999,  pp. 97−98.

Bandyopadhyay, Sekhar, ‘Transfer of Power and the Crisis of Dalit Politics in India, 1945−47’, Modern Asian Studies 34.4, October 2000, pp. 893−942.

Bassnett, Susan, ‘The Translation Turn in Cultural Studies’. In Bassnett, Susan & Lefevere, André, eds. Constructing Cultures. Essays on Literary Translation. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 1998; 123-140.

Beverley, John, ‘The Margin at the Centre: On Testimonio’, in Against Literature. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1993.

Beverley, John, ‘Testimonio, Subalternity and Narrative Authority’, Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry (eds.) Denzin, Norman K. and Lincoln, Yvonna S. London: Sage Publications, 2003.

Bokil, Milind. ‘De-notified and Nomadic Tribes: A Perspective’. Economic and Political Weekly 12 January 2002, pp. 148−54.

Brueck, Laura. ‘Good Dalits and Bad Brahmins: Melodramatic Realism in Dalit Short Stories’. South Asia Research 30, July 2010, pp. 125−144.

Burra, Neera. ‘Was Ambedkar just a Leader of the Mahars?’ Economic and Political Weekly 21.10/11, March 1986, pp. 429−31.

Charsley, Simon. ‘”Untouchable”: What is in a Name?’ The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 2., March 1996, pp. 1−23.

Christopher K W. ‘Between Two Worlds:The Predicament of Dalit Christians in Bama’s Works’. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature, 47-1 ,2012, pp. 7-25.

Christopher K W. ‘Cast(e)ing Narrative:Caste, Class and Religion in Mulk Raj Anand’s Untouchable’. Interventions,17-1,2015, pp.64-81.

Clarke, Sathianathan. ‘Hindutva, Religious and Ethnocultural Minorities, and Indian-Christian Theology’. The Harvard Theological Review 95.2, April 2002, pp. 197−226.

Constable, Philip. ‘Early Dalit Literature and Culture in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Western India’. Modern Asian Studies 31.2, May 1997, pp. 317−38.

Constable, Philip. ‘The Marginalisation of a Dalit Martial Race in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century’. The Journal of Asian Studies 60.2, May 2001, pp. 439−78.

Contursi, Janet A. ‘Militant Hindus and Buddhist Dalits: Hegemony and Resistance in an Indian Slum’. American Ethnologist 16.3, August 1989, pp. 441−57.

Contursi, Janet A. ‘Political Theology: Text and Practice in a Dalit Panther Community’. The Journal of Asian Studies 52.2, May 1993, pp. 12 May 2011.

Deliege, Robert. ‘The Myths of Origin of the Indian Untouchables’. Man, New Series 28.3, September 1993, pp. 533−49.

Deo, Veena and Eleanor Zelliot, ‘Dalit Literature : Twenty-five Years of Protest? Of Progress?’ Journal of South Asian Literature 29.2, Summer, Fall 1994, pp. 41−67.

Deshpande, Sudhanva, ‘Subaltern Fantasies’. Economic and Political Weekly 38.23, June 2003, pp. 2310−11.

Devakumar, J., ‘Caste Clashes and Dalits Rights Violations in Tamil Nadu’. Social Scientist 35.11/12, November/December 2007, pp. 39−54.

Dharwadker, Vinay, ‘Dalit Poetry in Marathi’. Indian Literatures: in the Fifth Decade of Independence, World Literature Today 68.2, Spring 1994, pp. 319−24.

Dunn, Dana. ‘Gender Inequality in Education and Employment in the Scheduled Castes and Tribes of India’. Population Research and Policy Review 12.1, 1993, pp. 53−70.

Ganguly, Debjani. ‘History’s Implosions: a Benjaminian Reading of Ambedkar’, in Benjamin and  Bakhtin: New Approaches¾New Contexts (eds.) John Docker, Subhash Jaireth, Journal of Narrative Theory 32.3, Fall 2002, pp. 326−47.

Ganguly, Debjani. ‘Pain, Personhood and the Collective: Dalit Life Narratives’. Asian Studies Review 33, December 2009, pp. 429−442.

Gautaman, Raj. ‘Dalit Protest Culture: The First Stage’, The Oxford India Anthology of Tamil Dalit Writing (eds.) R. Azhagarasan and Ravikumar. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 264−269.

Giffard-Foret, Paul. ‘(Re)casting Caste: Dalit Literary Consciousness in Ajay Navaria’s Unclaimed Terrain and Goyu Shyamala’s Father may be an elephant and mother only a small basket but…’. Postcolonial Text, Vol. 11, No 1, 2016, pp. 1-18.

Govinda, Radhika. ‘The Politics of the Marginalised: Dalits and Women’s Activism in India’, Special Issue on ‘Marginalised People’, in Gender and Development 14.2, July 2006, pp. 181−91.

Holmström, Lakshmi. ‘Introduction’ to Bama’s Sangati¾Events. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. xi−xxiii.

Ilaiah, Kancha. ‘Caste and Contradictions’. Economic and Political Weekly 29.43, October 1994, pp. 2835−36.

Jaffrelot, Christophe. ‘Sanskritization vs. Ethnicization in India: Changing Identities and Caste Politics before Mandal’ in ‘Modernizing Tradition in India’. Asian Survey 40.5, September/October 2000, pp. 756−66.

Jain, Jasbir, ‘Dalit Women’s Autobiographies: A Counter Discourse’, in Writing Women Across Cultures (ed.) Jasbir Jain. Jaipur and New Delhi: Rawat Publications, 2002, pp. 282−293.

Jaoul, Nicolas, ‘Le Point de Vue des Fonctionnaires Dalits sur les Quotas d’Embauche de la Fonction Publique’. Droit et Cultures 53, January 2007, pp. 1−26.

Jaoul, Nicolas, ‘The Righteous Anger of the Powerless, Investigating Dalit Outrage over Caste Violence’. South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal 2, 2008. http://samaj.revues.org/index1892.html

Jaoul, Nicolas, ‘Learning the Use of Symbolic Means: Dalits, Ambedkhar Statues and the State of Uttar Pradesh’. Contributions to Indian Sociology, Vol. 40−2, 2006, pp. 175−207.

Jodhka, Surinder S., ‘Nation and Village: Images of Rural India in Gandhi, Nehru and Ambedkar’. Economic and Political Weekly 37.32, August 2002, pp. 3343−53.

Kapoor, S. D., ‘B. R. Ambedkar, W. E. B. Dubois and the Process of Liberation’. Economic and Political Weekly 38.51/52, December 2003−January 2004, pp. 5344−49.

Kothari, Rita, ‘Short Story in Gujarati Dalit Literature’. Economic and Political Weekly 36.45, November 2001, pp. 4308−11.

Lanjewar, Jyoti, ‘Dalit Literature and Dalit Woman’, Dalit Women in India: Issues and Perspectives. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House, 1995, pp. 188−200.

Mangalam, Harish. ‘Discrimination and Social Ostracism in Dalit Short Stories’. Unheard Melody: Journal of English Literature, Vol. 14, January 2016, p. 88.

Merrill, Christi, ‘Human Rights Singular-Plural: Translating Dalit Autobiography from Hindi’. Biography 33.1, Winter 2010, pp. 127−50.

Morkhandikar, R. S., ‘Dilemmas of Dalit Movement in Maharastra: Unity Moves and After’. Economic and Political Weekly 25.12, March 1990, pp. 586−90.

Mouffe, Chantal, ‘Feminism, Citizenship and Radical Democratic Politics’, Feminists Theorize the Political (eds.) Judith Butler and Joan W. Scott, London: Routledge, 1992.

Mukherjee, Alok, ‘Reading Sharankumar Limbale’s Towards an Aesthetics of Dalit Literature: From Erasure to Assertion’, in Sharamkumar’s Limbale’s Towards an Aesthetic of Dalit Literature: History, Controversies and Considerations.Delhi: Orient Longman, 2004, pp. 1−18.

Mukherjee, Arun, Introduction to Omprakash Valmiki’s Joothan. Kolkata: Samya, 2007, pp. xi−xlii.

Mukherjee, Arun, Alok Mukherjee and Barbara Godard, ‘Translating Minoritised Cultures: Issues of Caste, Class and Gender’. Postcolonial Texts 2.3, 2006, pp. 1−23.

Nadkarni, M. V., ‘Broadbasing Process in India and Dalits’. Economic and Political Weekly 32.33/34, August 1997, pp.  2160−71.

Nadkarni, M.V., ‘Is Caste System Intrinsic to Hinduism? Demolishing a Myth’. Economic and Political Weekly 38.45, Nov 2003, pp. 4783−93.

Nayar, P. K., ‘Bama’s Karukku: Dalit Autobiography as Testimonio’, The Journal of Commonwealth Literature, 41−2, 2006, pp. 83−100.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘The Visual Turn: Affect, Autobiography, History and the Graphic Narrative’, ICFAI University Journal of American Literature 2. 3−4, 2009, pp. 58−72.

Nayar, K. Pramod., ‘Poetics of Postcolonial Atrocity: Dalit Life Writing, Testimonio and Human Rights’, Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 42.3-4, 2011, pp. 237−264.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘Towards a Postcolonial Critical Literacy: Bhimayana and the Indian Graphic Novel’, Studies in South Asian Film and Media 3.1, 2012, pp. 1−22.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘Postcolonial Affects: Victim Life Narratives and Human Rights in Contemporary India’, Postcolonial Text 5.4, 2009.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘Subalternity and Translation: The Cultural Apparatus of Human Rights’, Economic and Political Weekly xlvi. 9, 26 Feb. 2011, 23-26.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘Radical Graphics: Martin Luther King., Jr., BR Ambedkar and Comics Auto/biography’, Biography 39.2, 2016, pp. 147-171.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘Trauma, Testimony and Human Rights: Women’s Atrocity Narratives from Postcolonial India’, South Asian Review 29.1, 2009, pp. 27-44.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘The Politics of Form in Dalit Fiction: Bama’s Sangati and Sivakami’sThe Grip of Change’, Indian Journal of Gender Studies 18.3, 2011, pp. 365-380.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘Indigenous Cultures and the Ecology of Protest: Moral Economy and “Knowing Subalternity” in Dalit and Tribal writing from India’, Journal of Postcolonial Writing 50.3, 2014, pp. 291-303.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘The Digital Dalit: Subalternity and Cyberspace’, The Sri Lanka Journal of the Humanities 37.1-2, 2011, pp. 69-74.

Nayar, Pramod K., ‘Dalit Poetry and the Aesthetics of Traumatic Materialism’, Indian Journal of Gender Studies 22.1, 2015. 

Omvedt, Gail, ‘”Twice-Born” Riot against Democracy’, Economic and Political Weekly 25.39, September 1990, pp. 2195−2201.

Omvedt, Gail, ‘The Downtrodden among the Downtrodden: an Interview with a Dalit Agricultural Laborer’, in ‘The Labor of Women: Work and Family’, Signs 4.4, Summer 1979, pp. 763−74.

Omvedt, Gail, ‘The Anticaste Movement’, in Reinventing Revolution: New Social Movements and the Socialist Tradition in India (Socialism and Social Movements) (ed.) Gail Omvedt. New York: ME Sharpe, Armonk, 1993.

Pandian, M. S. S., ‘One Step Outside Modernity: Caste, Identity Politics and Public Sphere’, Economic and Political Weekly 37.18, May 2002, pp. 1735−41.

Pandian, M. S. S., ‘On a Dalit Woman’s Testimonio’. Seminar 471, November 1998, pp. 53−56.

Poitevin, Guy, ‘Dalit Autobiographical Narratives: Figures of Subaltern Consciousness, Assertion and Identity’, in Biography as a Religious and Cultural Text. (ed.) Andreas Schüle. London: Lit Verlag, 2002, pp. 77−109.

Pouchepadass, Jacques, ‘Les Subaltern Studies ou la critique postcoloniale de la modernité’. L’Homme 156, october−décembre 2000, pp. 161−186.

Purushotham, K. (guest ed), Creative Forum. Special Issue on Dalit Aesthetics:  Alternative Literary Strategies. Vol. 26 No. 1 (Jan-Jun 2013).

Purushotham, K. (consultant ed), Journal of Literature and Aesthetics: An International Journal (a special issue on ‘Indian Dalit Literature). Vol. 9 No.  1&2 (Jan-Dec 2009).

Purushotham, K. (guest ed), Telugu Dalit Poetry. www.museindia.com, issue 16 (2007).

Purushotham, K. “Prosifying Poesy: A Dalit Critique of Modernization of Telugu.” Economic and Political Weekly. Vol. XLIX: No 6 (Feb 8, 2014): 39-43. Also published in South India Journal of Social Sciences. IX No. 2 (December 2011): 40-48.

Purushotham, K. “Evolution of Telugu Dalit Writing.” Economic and Political Weekly. ZLV No. 22 (May 29, 2010): 55-63.

Purushotham, K. “‘Imagined Dalitness’: Manu Joseph’s Serious Men.” Literary Vibes. IV: No. 1 (Jan 2015): 1-8. ISSN: 2320-6896.

Purushotham, K. “Sans Agency: The Untouchable Protagonists of Indian English Novels.” Kakatiya Journal of English Studies. 34 (2015): 39-52. ISSN 0971-8877.

Purushotham, K. “Telugu Dalit Short Fiction: Shift from Elite to Mud-House Narrative.” Contemporary Issues in Language and Literature. Vol. 2: No 3 (2012): 59-72. ISSN No 2249-9792. Also published in Indraprastha. Vol. III (2014): 92-98.

Purushotham, K. “Does Shit Smell when Written: Narrating Faeces.” Kakatiya Journal of English Studies. Vol. 33 (2014): 51-61. ISSN 0971-8877.

Purushotham, K. “The Rise of Telugu Novel: A Dalit Critique.” Kakatiya Journal of English Studies. Vol. 31 (2012): 64-74. ISSN 0971-8877.

Purushotham, K. “Gendering Caste: Emergence of Dalit Feminism.” Kakatiya Journal of English Studies. Vol. 30 (2011): 43-48. ISSN 0971-8877.

Purushotham, K. “Two Sari-Ends in Two Telugu Poems: An Anti-Generic Critique of Feminism.” Kakatiya Journal of English Studies. Vol. 30 (2011): 114-23. ISSN 0971-8877.

Purushotham, K. “Telugu Dalit Poetry: An Overview.” Triveni. Vol. 78 No. 2 (April-June, 2009): 53-56. Also published in www.museindia.com, issue 16 (2007).

Purushotham, K. ‘“Our Exit from the Left was the Beginning of Dalit Literature.’” (interview with Vemula Yellaiah)  Journal of Literature and Aesthetics. Vol. 9 Nos. 1&2 (Jan-Dec 2009): 337-45.

Purushotham, K. “Black Masks and Red Writing: A Reading of Kalyana Rao’s Untouchable Spring.” Kakatiya Journal of English Studies. Vol. 27 (2007-08): 63-71. ISSN 0971-8877.

Purushotham, K. “Sociology of Literature: Defiance in Telugu Dalit Writings.” Sociologist. Vol. 1 No. 2 (2007):    406-14.

Purushotham, K. “Movement Literature in Telugu: A Dalit Critique.” Dalit Movements and Literature. Ed. B. Krishnaiah. New Delhi: Prestige, 2011: 123-37. ISBN 978-81-922089-6-1.

Purushotham, K. “Social Movements and Identity Formation: A Study in Historical Outline.” Dalit Movements and Literature. Ed. B. Krishnaiah. Nw Delhi: Prestige, 2011: 58-66. ISBN 978-81-922089-6-1.

Purushotham, K. “Centering the Margins: Vemula Yellaiah’s ” Dalits and Social Marginalisation. Ed. J. Bheemaiah. Jaipur: Avishkar Publishers, 2012: 1-9.

Purushotham, K. “Social Justice and Empowerment through English Education.” Education and Social Empowerment in India. Ed. Ghanta Chakrapani. New Delhi: Milind Books, 2008: 277-82.

Purushotham, K. “Telangana, Land, Dalits: A Literary Perspective.” The Idea of Telangana. Ed. Akut, Warangal: Akut, 2013: 181-94. ISBN: 978-81-926132-0-8. 

Purushotham, K. “Telugu Dalit Short Fiction: Shift from Elite to Mud-House Narrative.” Ed. D. Pulla Rao. Empowering Marginalised Categories in India: Problems and Prospects.  New Delhi: Serials Publications, 2012.

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Rao, Anupama, ‘Violence and Humanity: or, Vulnerability as Political Subjectivity’, Social Research 78, September 2011, pp. 607−632.

Rao, Parimala V., ‘Gandhi, Untouchability and the Postcolonial Predicament: a Note’, Social Scientist 37.1/2, January−February 2009, pp. 64−70.

Reddy, Deepa S., ‘The Ethnicity of Caste’, Anthropological Quarterly 78.3, Summer 2005, pp. 543−84.

Rege, Sharmila, ‘Dalit Women Talk Differently: a Critique of “Difference” and Towards a Dalit Feminist Standpoint Position’, Economic and Political Weekly 33.44, October−November 1998, WS39−WS46.

Rege, Sharmila, ‘Caste and Gender: The Violence against Women in India’, in Dalit Women, (ed.) P.  Jogdand. New Delhi: Gyan, 1994.

Satyanarayana, A., ‘Dalit Protest Literature in Telugu: a Historical Perspective’, Economic and Political Weekly 30.3, January 1995, pp. 171−75.

Satyanarayana, K. and Susie Tharu (eds.), Introduction, No Alphabet in Sight: New Dalit Writing from South India. Dossier 1: Tamil and Malayalam. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2011, pp. 1−69.

Sebastian, J. Jayakiran, ‘”Can we now Bypass that Truth?”¾Interrogating the Methodology of Dalit Theology’, Transformation 25.2/3, April−July 2008, pp.  80−91.

Sivanarayanan, Anushiya and N. T. Rajkumar, ‘Translating Tamil Dalit Poetry’, World Literature Today 78.2, May/August 2004, pp. 56−8.

Thiara, Nicole, ‘Subaltern Experimental Writing: Dalit Literature in Dialogue with the World’, Ariel 47.1-2, 2016, pp. 253-80.

Thiara, Nicole, ‘The Colonial Carnivalesque in Mulk Raj Anand’s Untouchable and Amitav Ghosh’s Sea of Poppies’, Journal of Postcolonial Writing 52: 6, 2016, pp. 659-71

Waughray, Annapurna and Nicole Thiara, ‘Challenging Caste Discrimination with Literature and Law: An Interdisciplinary Study of British Dalit Writing’, Contemporary South Asia 21.2, June 2013, pp. 116-32.

Filmography

Vigathakumaran, directed by JC Daniel (Malayalam, 1930)

Achhut Kannya, directed by Franz Osten (Hindi, 1936)

Jeevan Prabhat, directed by Franz Osten (Hindi, 1937)

Malapilla, directed by Gudavalli Ramabrahman (Telugu, 1938)

Sujata, directed by Bimal Roy (Hindi, 1959)

Ankur, directed by Shyam Benegal (Hindi, 1974)

Gaman, directed by Muffazar Ali (Hindi, 1978)

Sadgati, directed by Satyajit Ray (Hindi, 1981)

Saptapadi, directed by Kashinathuni Viswanath (Telugu, 1981)

Bandit Queen, directed by Shekkar Kapur (Hindi 1994)

Samar, directed by Shyam Benegal (Hindi, 1999)

Jayam Manade Raa, directed by N. Shankar (Telugu, 2000)

Kovilpatti Veeralakshmi, directed by K. Rajeshwar (Tamil, 2003)

Chithariyavar, directed by Lalji George (Malayalam, 2004)

Leader, directed by Sekhar Kammula (Telugu, 2010)

Soul of Sand, directed by Sidarth Srinivasan (Hindi, 2010)

Khap, directed by Ajay Sinha (Hindi, 2011)

Celluloid, directed by Kamaluddin Mohammed Majeed (Malayalam, 2013)

Fandry, directed by Navraj Manjuli (Marathi, 2013)

Papillio Budha, directed by Jayan K. Cherian (Malayalam, 2013)

Masaan, directed by Neeraj Ghaywan (Hindi, 2014)

Osey Ramulamma, directed by Dasari Narayana Rao (Telugu, 2014)

Manjhi The Mountain Man, directed by Ketan Mehta (Hindi, 2015)

Ka Bodyscapes, directed by Jayan K. Cherian (Malayalam, 2016)

Sairat, directed by Nagraj Manjule (Marathi, 2016)

G – A Wanton Heart, directed by Rahul Dhaiya (Hindi, 2016)/

Island City, directed by Ruchika Oberoi (Hindi, 2016)

Parched, directed by Leena Yadav (Hindi, 2016)

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